The English word games are: The Image of the Jews in Greek Literature: The Hellenistic Period. [1] Meanwhile, in mainland Greece, the Aetolian League, which had sided with Rome against Macedon, now grew to resent the Roman presence in Greece. After the defeat of Anthony and his lover, the last Ptolemaic monarch, Cleopatra VII at the Battle of Actium, Augustus invaded Egypt and took it as his own personal fiefdom. The Hellenistic period emerged, approximately, 323-30BC. This Roman-Greek interaction began as a consequence of the Greek city-states located along the coast of southern Italy. Many supposed kings in India are known only because of coins bearing their name. Instead of contemplating and debating ideals, logic, extinguished emotion, or consumma… The kingdom grew to its largest extent under Mithridates VI the great, who conquered Colchis, Cappadocia, Bithynia, Lesser Armenia, the Greek colonies of the Tauric Chersonesos and for a brief time the Roman province of Asia. All rights reserved. Web. Once the Second Punic War had been resolved, and the Romans had begun to regather their strength, they looked to re-assert their influence in the Balkans, and to curb the expansion of Philip. He ruled over not only Babylonia, but the entire enormous eastern part of Alexander's empire: The Greek kingdom of Bactria (or Greco-Bactrian kingdom) began as an offshoot of the Seleucid empire. Another crippling treaty followed, with Seleucid possessions in Asia Minor removed and given to Rhodes and Pergamum, the size of the Seleucid navy reduced, and a massive war indemnity invoked. Her suicide at the conquest by Rome marked the end of Ptolemaic rule in Egypt. He appears to have re-invigorated the Bactrian kingdom, although territory was lost to Parthia in the west. At around the same time, the re-emergence of a native Persian dynasty under the Parthian king Arsaces effectively cut the nascent Greco-Bactrian kingdom off from the rest of the Seleucid empire. For some purposes the period is extended for a further three and a half centuries, to the move by Constantine the Great of his capital to Constantinople (Byzantium) in 330 ce. Hellenistic age, in the eastern Mediterranean and Middle East, the period between the death of Alexander the Great in 323 bce and the conquest of Egypt by Rome in 30 bce. Related Content Beginning after the conquests of Alexander the Great, the period experienced prosperity and progress in the decorative and visual arts, exploration, literature, sculpture, theatre, architecture, music, mathematics, and science. Hellenistic civilization. The Hellenistic Period is a part of the Ancient Period for the European and Near Asian space. At the same time, mercenaries were more frequently used in Hellenistic armies, in order to face the military and technical evolution which greatly increased the cost for equip a civic army. Demetrius, son and successor of Euthydemus, invaded north-western India in 180 BC, after the destruction of the Mauryan empire there; the Mauryans were probably allies of the Bactrians (and Seleucids). Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon this content non-commercially, as long as they credit the author and license their new creations under the identical terms. Architecture during the Hellenistic period focused on theatricality and drama; the period also saw an increased popularity of the Corinthian order. Ancient Greece had traditionally been a fractious collection of fiercely independent city-states. Key Points Hellenistic architecture, in a manner similar to Hellenistic sculpture, focuses on theatricality, drama, and the experience of the viewer.. The end result was the complete conquest of Sicily, including its previously powerful Greek cities, by the Romans. [3], The Hellenistic period emerged, approximately, 323-30BC.  |  The conquests of Alexander the Great spread Hellenism Hellenism,the culture, ideals, and pattern of life of ancient Greece in classical times. When the territories were divided between Alexander's generals at the Partition of Babylon in 323 BC Seleucus received Babylonia, and from that point continued to expand his dominions ruthlessly. The Ancient History Encyclopedia logo is a registered EU trademark. In general, some things characterized this period in opposition of the previous one: The model of the city-state which dominated before was replaced by the different kinds of kingdoms, with more centralized power. Conversely, the major Hellenistic realms were not in the immediate Roman sphere of influence, and were powerful enough to deter Roman aggression. Diodotus II, son of Diodotus, was overthrown in about 230 BC by Euthydemus, possibly the satrap of Sogdiana, who then started his own dynasty. The Indo-Greek kingdom appears to have lingered on in western Punjab until about 10 AD when finally ended by the Indo-Scythians. The conquered lands included Asia Minor, Assyria, the Levant, Egypt, Mesopotamia, Media, Persia, and parts of modern Afghanistan, Pakistan, and the steppes of central Asia. After his death, the huge territories Alexander had conquered became subject to a strong Greek influence (hellenization) for the next two or three centuries, until the rise of Rome in the west, and of Parthia in the east. Choose from 168 different sets of hellenistic era flashcards on Quizlet. By about 281 BC, the situation had stabilised, resulting in four major domains: Ptolemy, a somatophylax, one of the seven bodyguards who served as Alexander the Great's generals and deputies, was appointed satrap of Egypt after Alexander's death in 323 BC. Green P. Alexander The Great and the Hellenistic Age, p. xiii. In 305 BC, he declared himself King Ptolemy I, later known as "Soter" (saviour). 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